Development of U.S. Biological Weapons After the Encounter with Unit 731
Unit 731 exchanged data from their biological experiments with U.S. for immunity from war crimes. Dr. Sanders, an esteemed microbiologist, described the information as "extremely helpful" and "obtained at a relatively low cost". Technology created by the Japanese was incorporated in bioweapon facilities such as Fort Detrick.
"Alaska, Florida, Hawaii, Maryland, Utah, Canada, and England were the locations used and DOD claims that civilians were only exposed to simulants. Keep in mind that some of these simulants are still live biological agents and may be harmful. It appears that not only were soldiers put at risk but the civilian population the DOD is charged with protecting may also have been put at risk.” - U.S. Representative Mike Thompson
Development of U.S.S.R. Biological Weapons After the Encounter with Unit 731
After the conclusion of World War II, the U.S.S.R. seized Manchuria and captured twelve Unit 731 scientists along with their experimental data. Stalin established a new Soviet biowarfare program and appointed Lavrenty Beria as head of the facilities.
"It now appears likely that the notoriety following the Khaborovsk investigation in 1949 of alleged Japanese BW activities and the widespread charges of U.S. employment of BW during the Korean hostilities provided the stimulus for much of [the Soviet Union's biological warfare program]." - the Central Intelligence Agency, in The Social Biological Weapons Program
"Possible agents for standarization by the Soviets in this time period include those of anthrax, plague, tuleremia, foot-and-mouth disease, finderpest, the encephalitides viruses, and botulinum toxin.”- the Central Intelligence Agency, in The Social Biological Weapons Program